The United States has been celebrating African-American Music Appreciation Month in June since 1979. The month of June is set aside to appreciate the contributions of African-American musicians, composers, singers, and songwriters to American culture. The month honors the history and rich African traditions that gave birth to different styles of music such as rap, hip-hop, jazz, rhythm and blues, barbershop, and swing. It is also the month to celebrate creative inspiration and appreciate the impact that African-American music has had on generations of performers and music lovers! From tales of slavery and racism and fighting for their basic human rights to finding their heritage and values in their lyrics, black music covers a vast range of topics that have great significance for this community. Over the years, we have seen black musicians reach great heights, not only on official music record charts but also at entertainment award ceremonies. While President Jimmy Carter designated June as Black Music Month in 1979, it wasn’t until 2000 when the presidential proclamation for the month was signed. President Barack Obama, in 2009, went on to rename the month from Black Music Month to its current name, African-American Music Appreciation Month.
HISTORY OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN MUSIC APPRECIATION MONTH
First coming into existence in 1979 as Black Music Month, this month was meant to honor and celebrate black artists’ contributions on U.S. soil. President Jimmy Carter wanted people to recognize how much of an impact black music has had, not only at home but also abroad, as people all over were adopting elements from black music to express themselves. Moreover, the ’70s was fast becoming the decade in which black music was gaining traction in signing music labels, with many business heads recognizing its commercial value.
However, while President Carter had assigned June as Black Music Month, he had not signed a special presidential proclamation that would have made it official. Dyana Williams, a renowned journalist and community activist, attempted to submit a petition to hold a Black Music Month event at the White House in 1998 during President Bill Clinton’s term. But she was soon informed that an event wouldn’t be possible due to the absence of a presidential proclamation. Yet, all was not lost, as Williams lobbied for legislation with the help of Congressman Chaka Fattah. Thanks to their joint effort, two years later, June was officially declared as Black Music Month.
In 2009, President Barack Obama renamed Black Music Month to African-American Music Appreciation Month. He also highlighted the importance of this month and the various genres in black music. This includes sacred music, which was one of the earliest African-American music forms in the U.S. and highlighted gospel themes and Black Christian values. Blues and R&B relayed ideas of the homeland and racial integration, respectively. Genres like hip-hop, rap, and rock and roll quickly became popular overseas as they appealed to youngsters all over the world.
African-American music is not just music but an integral part of American history. As we mentioned before, African-Americans’ efforts gave birth to a number of newer genres of music like jazz and rap. Throughout the last century, these genres have redefined America’s cultural landscape. When people were struggling as a nation, the music brought an entire generation together. The music that emerged in the last few decades also became an important part of the Civil Rights Movement.
The beats and sounds of these genres influenced rock, soul, gospel, swing, be-bop, boogie-woogie, and other genres of music. Famous rock artists like The Rolling Stones and The Beatles credit blues and jazz as major influences of their music. In fact, a lot of Elvis Presley’s songs were originally performed by Black artists. More recently, genres such as funk, Motown, and hip-hop have also been influenced by African-American performers who have introduced new dancing and singing styles to the genres. Throughout the month of June, music lovers gather together to celebrate African-American Music Appreciation Month. They celebrate the diversity, inclusivity, and the community’s impact in shaping cultural conversations in modern America.
AFRICAN-AMERICAN MUSIC APPRECIATION MONTH TIMELINE
Late 1800sBlues From Racial Oppression
Blues is born from the racial oppression and the struggles black people faced.
1934First Musical Theater
The Apollo Theater opens in the Harlem neighborhood of NYC, instantly becoming a cultural hub for African-American music.
1955Marian Anderson Makes History
Maria Anderson becomes the first Black singer to perform at the New York Metropolitan Opera.
1974Stevie Wonder Wins a Grammy
Stevie Wonder becomes the first Black artist to win the Grammy Award for Album of the Year.
1982Michael Jackson Releases “Thriller”
Michael Jackson releases “Thriller” and the album sells 66 million copies worldwide.
2019Gambino’s This is America
Childish Gambino’s ‘This is America’, lauded for the way it represents American realities, becomes the first rap song to win Song/Record of the Year at the Grammy Awards.
HOW TO CELEBRATE AFRICAN-AMERICAN MUSIC APPRECIATION MONTH
Stream your favorite African-American artists
One of the best ways to spend the month is by listening to and enjoying African-American music and giving it the hype it deserves. Explore new genres and singers, but also enjoy your old favorites. Give your love to all. Streaming apps are also a great way to discover new artists.
Donate to a music school
Many music schools teach African-American music. If you are interested in learning more about these genres of music, you can enroll yourself in a program. And if you can’t find time for it, simply consider donating to one.
Read up on African-American music history or watch a documentary
To truly appreciate the different layers of this music, get into the mix by reading up on the history related to it. You will not only come to know all about the different moments and people that helped shape a genre but it will also help you appreciate the music you have access to today. Also, plenty of documentaries have been made on African-American music and the lives of the musicians. Find a title that interests you the most and settle in for a movie night.
5 FACTS ABOUT AFRICAN-AMERICAN MUSIC THAT WILL BLOW YOUR MIND
Tupac Shakur could also dance
Tupac Shakur took ballet classes as a student at the Baltimore School of Arts.
‘Billie Jean’ made history on MTV
Michael Jackson’s ‘Billie Jean’ was the first music video by a Black artist to appear on MTV.
Aretha Franklin was scared of flying
Aretha Franklin was so scared of flying that she refused to attend her own Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction ceremony!
Kendrick Lamar is a Pulitzer Prize winner
Kendrick Lamar won the Pulitzer Prize in 2018 for his studio album “DAMN” — he’s the first pop musician to win the Pulitzer.
James Brown pioneered funk music
James Brown came up with funk music in the last few years of the 1950s — he would also go on to become one of the most sampled artists of all time.
WHY WE LOVE AFRICAN-AMERICAN MUSIC APPRECIATION MONTH
It’s a celebration of history
There’s much history attached to many of the genres in the African-American music industry. You will find tales of religious ecstasy as well as rebellious youth, racial oppression, love for home, and general human life events. A lot of African-American music is also a part of important American historical landmarks such as the Harlem Renaissance and the Civil Rights Movement. Celebrating African-American Music Appreciation Month is a way of acknowledging America’s rich history.
It’s a celebration of diversity
There’s unity in diversity. Being inclusive not only opens our hearts to one another but also broadens our horizons for new things to be explored. The American cultural landscape has been built on the contributions of the African-American population, too. By celebrating African-American Music Appreciation Month, we also celebrate the diversity of African-American music.
It’s a celebration of music
Music, just like food, is universally loved and needed. Music binds us together. Without it, life can be rather boring but with it, everything just seems to make sense and it also makes everything fun, like when we tune into our favorite songs while getting our chores done. Yet we hardly pay much attention to its history. African-American Music Appreciation Month is a fine way to honor the roots of Black music.